Riccardo Wagner, TANNHAUSER, ovvero la lotta dei bardi al castello di Varteburgo.
World premiere: Court Opera, Dresden, 1845.
Premiere of revised version: Opéra,
History, myth, and invention come together in Tannhäuser to create
a unique and powerful drama.
The title character was a real 13th-century
Minnesinger who inspired a legend that Wagner used as the basis for the opera.
Wagner notably added the character of Elisabeth, based on the historical Saint
Elisabeth of Hungary, wife of the Landgrave of Thuringia.
The opera’s score went
through several revisions after the original performances, most importantly when
Wagner added the Venusberg ballet for the 1861 French premiere.