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Monday, November 9, 2015

ORLANDO REES, FURIOSO -- And Orange County

Speranza




Orlando FL cnty crths01.jpg
Orange County Courthouse
Flag of Orange County, Florida
Flag
Seal of Orange County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Orange County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded1845
Named forOrange fruit
SeatOrlando
Largest cityOrlando
Area
 • Total1,003 sq mi (2,598 km2)
 • Land903 sq mi (2,339 km2)
 • Water100 sq mi (259 km2)
Population (est.)
 • (2014)1,253,001
 • Density1,249.25/sq mi (482/km²)
Congressional districts5th7th8th9th10th
Time zoneEasternUTC-5/-4
Websitewww.orangecountyfl.net


































































Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida

As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,145,956, making it the fifth-most populous county in Florida. 

The county seat is Orlando.
Orange County is included in the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.


The land that is Orange County was part of the first land to emerge from below the Early Oligocene sea 33.9–28.4 million years ago and is known as Orange Island.

Orange County's Rock Spring location is a Pleistocene fossil bearing area and has yielded a vast variety of birds and mammals including giant sloth,mammothcamel, and the Dire Wolf dating around 1.1 million years ago.

In 1821, there were two counties that formed Florida:

(A) Escambia to the west and

(B) St. Johns to the east.

In 1824, the area to the south of St. Johns County became Mosquito County, and Enterprise was named the county seat.

This massive county took up much of central Florida.

Mosquito County was renamed Orange County in 1845 when Florida became a state.

It was thought that 'mosquito' was a rude word. It means mosquito.

Several counties, such as OsceolaSeminoleLake, and Volusia were carved out of Orange County.
Orange County was renamed from Mosquito County for the fruit that constituted the county's main product.

Not for the insect. "Orange" is the fruit.

At its peak in the early 1970s, some 80,000 acres (320 km²) were planted in citrus in Orange County.

There was the dark green foliage of orange trees and the scent of the orange blossoms when in bloom.

In 2015, fewer commercial orange groves remain. 

The majority of groves were destroyed by the freezing temperatures experienced in successive winters of 1985-6, followed by the coldest temperatures of the century in the January 1985 cold wave, the worst since 1899.

The financial setbacks, not the first in the history of the grove region, were just too challenging for many growers. 

Economically destroyed, many just walked away from the land and its obligations. 

Others awaited other opportunities. 

One of the major land owners and growers in the region was the Tropicana company. 

They, however, also withdrew rather than try to come back again from these seemingly endless generational decimation. 

With no realistic avenues for agricultural utilization of this rural land, and Florida's continuing strong population growth and its attendant needs (aided and supported by the great success of nearby Walt Disney World and Universal Studios Florida), these areas began and continue to be, swallowed up by growing housing developments. However, several packing facilities and wholesalers are still in Orange County.

Geography[edit]


2010 U.S. Census tract map of Orange County















According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,003 square miles (2,600 km2), of which 903 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 100 square miles (260 km2) (10.0%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
184073
1850466538.4%
1860987111.8%
18702,195122.4%
18806,618201.5%
189012,58490.1%
190011,374−9.6%
191019,10768.0%
192019,8904.1%
193049,737150.1%
194070,07440.9%
1950114,95064.0%
1960263,540129.3%
1970344,31130.6%
1980471,01636.8%
1990677,49143.8%
2000896,34432.3%
20101,145,95627.8%
Est. 20141,253,001[6]9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2014ref name="QF" />

2010 Census[edit]

U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Ethnic/Race Demographics:[11][12]


In 2010, 5.9% of the population considered themselves to be of only "American" ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity.)

There were 421,847 households out of which 30.81% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.50% were married couples living together, 15.65% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.18% were non-families. 24.85% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.08% (1.71% male and 4.37% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.19.[12][15]
In the county the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.[15]

2000 Census[edit]

As of 2000, there were 896,344 people, 336,286 households, and 220,267 families residing in the county. The population density was 381/km² (988/mi²). There were 361,349 housing units at an average density of 154/km² (398/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.59% White (57.6% were Non-Hispanic White),[16] 18.17% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 3.35% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 6.01% from other races, and 3.43% from two or more races. 28.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 336,286 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.00% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 33.80% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,311, and the median income for a family was $47,159. Males had a median income of $32,053 versus $25,402 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,916. About 8.80% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Languages[edit]

As of 2010, 67.43% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.59% spoke Spanish, 2.44%French Creole (mostly Haitian Creole,) 1.23% Portuguese, 0.88% Vietnamese, 0.78% Indian languages(including Gujarati and Hindi,) 0.58% Tagalog, 0.53% Chinese, 0.50% French, and 0.45% of the population spoke Arabic as their mother language.[17] In total, 32.57% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language.[17]

Government[edit]

The county functions under a charter form of government. The charter serves as a constitution, detailing the structure and operation of the local government. A Charter Review Commission has the power to consider and place amendments on the ballot. Voters then decide whether to accept or reject all amendments put forth. If voters approve an amendment, it is then inserted into the charter.

Federal Representation[edit]

Five districts of the US House of Representatives represent parts of Orange County.
Federal Representation
DistrictIncumbentHometown% Orange County Voters[18]Next Election
5Corrine BrownJacksonville21.442014
7John MicaWinter Park16.252014
8Bill PoseyRockledge1.352014
9Alan GraysonOrlando31.412014
10Daniel WebsterWinter Garden29.552014
District 5 is a district extending from Downtown Orlando to Jacksonville. The district continues north of Orange County, with voters in AlachuaClayDuvalLakeMarionPutnam, and Seminole.
Places includeApopkaEatonvillePine Hills, and Tangelo Park.
District 7 is situated in north Orange, extending north into Seminole and Volusia.
Places includeLockhartMaitlandUniversity, and Winter Park.
District 8 is situated in east Orange, extending southeast into Brevard and Indian River.
Places includeBithloChristmas, and Wedgefield.
District 9 is a Hispanic plurality district situated in central Orange, extending southwest into Osceola and Polk.
Places includeAzalea ParkHunter's CreekMeadow Woods, and Union Park.
District 10 is situated in central and southwestern Orange. The district takes in a majority of Downtown Orlandoand extends west into Lake and Polk.
Places includeOcoeePine CastleWilliamsburgWindermere and all of Orlando's major theme parks: Walt Disney WorldUniversal Studios Florida, and SeaWorld.

State Representation[edit]

Orange County residents are represented in Tallahassee with 5 Senate seats.
State Senators
DistrictIncumbentHometown% Voters[19]Next Election
11Alan HaysUmatilla1.712016
12Geraldine ThompsonOrlando37.392014
13Andy GardinerOrlando32.602016
14Darren SotoOrlando20.552014
15Kelli StargelLakeland7.762016
District 11 is largely based in Lake and Marion. It also includes a small portion of Sumter.
District 12 is wholly composed of Orange.
District 13 is largely composed of Orange, but includes portions of Brevard.
District 14 is largely split between Orange and Osceola. It also includes a small portion of Polk.
District 15 is predominantly centered in Polk, yet includes a small part of Orange and Osceola.
Orange County residents are represented in Tallahassee with 9 House seats.
State Representatives
DistrictIncumbentHometown% Voters[20]Next Election
30Karen Castor DentelMaitland4.872014
31Bryan NelsonApopka5.282014
44Stephen PrecourtOrlando14.492014
45Randolph BracyOrlando12.732014
46Bruce AntoneOrlando10.802014
47Linda StewartOrlando16.302014
48Victor Torres, Jr.Orlando12.762014
49Joe SaundersOrlando13.962014
50Tom GoodsonTitusville8.822014
District 30 is largely based in Seminole. One-third of voters are situated in Orange.
District 31 is largely based in Lake. Slightly more than one-third of voters are situated in Orange.
District 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, and 49 are wholly composed of Orange.
District 50 is predominantly composed of Orange and Brevard.

County Representation[edit]

Orange County is served by a Board of Commissioners. The board consists of an elected mayor and six commissioners. The mayor is elected At-large, while commissioners are elected from single districts. The mayor and commissioners each serve staggered four year terms. Commissioners from Districts 1, 3, and 5 are elected in presidential election years, while the mayor and commissioners from Districts 2, 4, and 6 are elected in alternate years. The county is also served by a Clerk of Courts, Sheriff, Property Appraiser, Tax Collector, Supervisor of Elections, State Attorney, and Public Defender. All positions are four year terms, requiring direct election by voters in presidential election years.
Orange County Officials
PositionIncumbentNext Election
MayorTeresa Jacobs2018
District 1 CommissionerScott Boyd2016
District 2 CommissionerFred Brummer2018
District 3 CommissionerPete Clarke2016
District 4 CommissionerJennifer Thompson2018
District 5 CommissionerTed Edwards2016
District 6 CommissionerTiffany Moore Russell2018
Clerk of CourtsEddie Fernandez2018
SheriffJerry Demings2016
ComptrollerMartha Haynie2016
Property AppraiserRick Singh2016
Tax CollectorScott Randolph2016
Supervisor of ElectionsBill Cowles2016
State AttorneyJeff Ashton2016
Public DefenderBob Wesley2016

Education[edit]

Public Education[edit]

The Orange County Public Schools are responsible in delivering public education to students countywide. An elected school board composed of a chairman, elected At-large, and seven members, elected from single-member districts, oversees the functions and expenditures of the school system. Each member is elected to a staggered four-year term. Four are elected in presidential election years, while the chairman and three other members are elected in gubernatorial election years. The school system operates 182 schools (123 elementary, 3 K-8, 35 middle, 19 high, and 4 exceptional learning). In October 2012, the district had 183,562 students, making it the fourth largest school district statewide and eleventh in the nation.[21]
Orange County School Board
PositionIncumbentNext Election
ChairmanBill Sublette2014
District 1Joie Cadle2014
District 2Daryl Flynn2014
District 3Rick Roach2014
District 4Pam Gould2016
District 5Kathleen Butler-Gordon2016
District 6Nancy Robbinson2016
District 7Christine Moore2016

Colleges and universities[edit]

The University of Central Florida is the sole public university. A Fall 2012 enrollment of 59,767, currently places it second in the nation amongst public colleges and universities for student enrollment.[22] The university's massive campus is situated in northeast Orange County.
Nearby Winter Park is home to Rollins College, a private college situated only a few miles from Downtown Orlando. In 2012, it was ranked #1 by U.S. News & World Report amongst regional universities in the South.[23]
With six campuses spread throughout the county, Valencia Community College offers two-year degree programs.
The law schools for Barry University and Florida A&M are also conveniently located in Downtown Orlando.
Full Sail University is a for-profit university in Winter Park, Florida. Full Sail is not regionally accredited, but is nationally accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC) to award associate's, bachelor's degrees, and master's degrees in audio, film, design, computer animation, business, and other fields.[10] The school offers 35 degree programs and 2 graduate certificates and has a student population of more than 16,800.

Films[edit]

Walt Before Mickey, a feature film about Walt Disney creating Mickey Mouse, was shot locally.

Libraries[edit]

Orange County is served by the Orange County Library System.

Politics[edit]

Orange County is located along the pivotal Interstate 4 corridor, the swing part of the state. Many close elections are won or lost depending on the voting outcome along the corridor. Voters are considered independent, traditionally splitting their votes, electing Democrats and Republicans on the same ballot. As a result of such independence, voters are inundated with non-stop television and radio ads months preceding a general election.
In September 2000,[24] Democrats overtook Republicans in voter registration. This was a factor in Al Gorebecoming the first Democratic presidential candidate to carry the county since 1948. In the years since, Republicans have yet to retake the advantage they once enjoyed. In the twelve years that followed, Democrats experienced a modest increase in their voter registration percentage from 41.40% to 42.73% of the electorate. Minor party voters also had modest growth, increasing from 2.17% to 2.37%. In contrast, Republicans experienced a sharp decrease in registered voters, sliding from 40.95% in 2000 down to 29.85% in 2012. The beneficiary of the Republican losses have been unaffiliated voters. The percentage of the electorate identifying as an unaffiliated voter increased from 15.47% to 25.06% during this same period.

Voter Registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of April 14, 2015[25]
PartyTotalPercentage
Democratic299,79441.53%
Republican204,85228.38%
Minor Parties45,2366.27%
Unaffiliated172,03923.83%
Total721,921100.00%

Presidential Results[edit]

Orange County, Florida: Presidential Results (1980–2012)[26]
YearDemocratVotePctRepublicanVotePctThird PartiesVotePct
2012Obama273,66558.68%Romney188,58940.44%Third Parties4,1050.88%
2008Obama273,00959.00%McCain186,83240.38%Third Parties2,8700.62%
2004Kerry193,35449.83%Bush192,53949.62%Third Parties2,1510.55%
2000Gore140,22050.06%Bush134,51748.02%Third Parties5,3881.92%
1996Clinton105,51345.66%Dole106,02645.89%Third Parties19,5228.45%
1992Clinton82,65634.89%Bush108,73845.90%Third Parties45,52319.21%
1988Dukakis53,99131.28%Bush117,14167.86%Third Parties1,4860.86%
1984Mondale48,73728.52%Reagan122,00771.39%Third Parties1650.09%
1980Carter48,73234.06%Reagan87,37561.06%Third Parties6,9834.88%

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  2. Jump up^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Jump up^ Petuch, Edward J., Roberts, Charles; The geology of the Everglades and adjacent areas, 2007, ISBN 1-4200-4558-X.
  4. Jump up^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 33.
  5. Jump up^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990"United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. Jump up^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". RetrievedJune 4, 2015.
  7. Jump up^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  8. Jump up^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  9. Jump up^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16,2014.
  10. Jump up^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  11. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h "Orange County: SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  12. Jump up to:a b c d "Orange County Demographic Characteristics". ocala.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  13. Jump up^ "Orange County, FL Detailed Profile: 2010 Census". city-data.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  14. Jump up^ "Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010 -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". factfinder.census.gov. RetrievedOctober 20, 2015.
  15. Jump up to:a b "Orange County: Age Groups and Sex: 2010 - 2010 Census Summary File 1". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  16. Jump up^ "Demographics of Orange County, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  17. Jump up to:a b "Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Orange County, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  18. Jump up^ "Voter Statistic - Congressional District" (PDF). Orange County Supervisor of Elections. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  19. Jump up^ "Voter Statistic - Florida State Senate" (PDF). Orange County Supervisor of Elections. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  20. Jump up^ "Voter Statistic - Florida State House" (PDF). Orange County Supervisor of Elections. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  21. Jump up^ "Pocket Guide 2012-2013" (PDF). Orange County Public Schools. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  22. Jump up^ "University Student Profile". University of Central Florida. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
  23. Jump up^ "Best Colleges". US News & World Report. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-10. Retrieved2012-10-01.
  24. Jump up^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of September 30, 2000" (PDF). Florida Department of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2000-10-30. Check date values in: |access-date=(help)
  25. Jump up^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of March 31, 2015" (PDF). Orange County Supervisor of Elections. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
  26. Jump up^ "Presidential Results". Florida Department of State. Retrieved 2013-05-10.

External links[edit]

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