Welcome to Villa Speranza.

Welcome to Villa Speranza.

Search This Blog

Loading...

Translate

Monday, February 22, 2016

Grice's Martians

Speranza


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Martian
The tired and worn face of a man wearing a space suit, with the words "Bring Him Home" overlayed in white lettering. In smaller lettering the name "Matt Damon" and the title "The Martian
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRidley Scott
Produced by
Screenplay byDrew Goddard
Based onThe Martian
by Andy Weir
Starring
Music byHarry Gregson-Williams
CinematographyDariusz Wolski
Edited byPietro Scalia
Production
companies
Distributed by20th Century Fox
Release dates
  • September 11, 2015 (TIFF)
  • October 2, 2015(United States)
Running time
141 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States[2]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$108 million[3]
Box office$620.1 million[4]
The Martian is a 2015 American science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott and starring Matt Damon. The film is based on Andy Weir's 2011 novelThe Martian, which Drew Goddard adapted into a screenplay. Damon stars as an astronaut who is mistakenly presumed dead and left behind onMars. The film depicts his struggle to survive and others' efforts to rescue him. The film's ensemble cast also features Jessica ChastainKristen WiigJeff DanielsMichael PeñaKate MaraSean BeanSebastian StanAksel Hennie, and Chiwetel Ejiofor.
Producer Simon Kinberg began developing the film after 20th Century Fox optioned the novel in March 2013. Goddard adapted the novel into a screenplay and was initially attached to direct, but the film did not move forward. Scott replaced Goddard, and with Damon in place as the main character, production was approved. Filming began in November 2014 and lasted approximately 70 days. Some 20 sets were built on a sound stage in BudapestHungary, one of the largest in the world. Wadi Rum in Jordan was also used as a practical backdrop for filming.
The film premiered at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival on September 11, 2015. 20th Century Fox released the film in theaters in the United States on October 2, 2015. The film was released in 2D, 3DIMAX 3D and 4DX.[5] The film received positive reviews and has grossed over $614 million worldwide, becoming Scott's highest-grossing film to date, as well as the tenth-highest-grossing film of 2015. It received several accolades, including the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy, and seven Academy Award nominations, includingBest Picture and Best Adapted Screenplay for Goddard. For his performance, Damon received several awards nominations, including theAcademy Award for Best Actor, the BAFTA for Best Actor, the Critic's Choice Award for Best Actor, and he won the Golden Globe for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy.

Plot[edit]

The crew of the Ares III manned mission to Mars is exploring the Acidalia Planitia on Martian solar day (sol) 18 of their 31-sol expedition. A dust storm forces them to return to their orbiting vessel Hermes. During the evacuation, astronaut Mark Watney (Matt Damon) is struck by debris and lost in the storm; the last telemetry from his suit indicates no signs of life. With the remaining crew in peril, mission commander Melissa Lewis gives the order to launch the Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV) without him.
Watney awakens after the storm due to low oxygen warning, and makes his way to the "Hab", the crew's base of operations on Mars. He removes a piece of antenna from his torso and suit's biomonitor, which caused the erroneous life-sign readings, and begins a video diary. He realizes that his only chance of rescue is the arrival of the Ares IV crew at the Schiaparelli crater, 3,200 kilometers away, in four years. Calculating that he has enough food to last only 300 sols (roughly 309 days), Watney, a botanist, improvises a farm with Martian soil fertilized with vacuum-packed toilet waste, water produced by extracting hydrogen from leftover rocket fuel then oxidized by burning, and potatoes saved for a Thanksgiving meal. He begins to modify the only functional rover to make long journeys across Mars.
Reviewing satellite photos of Mars, mission director Vincent Kapoor and satellite planner Mindy Park realize Watney has survived. Despite the objections of Hermes flight director Mitch Henderson, NASA administrator Teddy Sanders decides not to inform the Ares III crew, believing it would distract them from their mission.
Watney takes the rover to retrieve the Pathfinder probe, which fell silent in 1997. Using the lander's camera, he establishes rudimentary communication with the JPL team. NASA instructs Watney to modify the rover to link with Pathfinder so they can communicate via text. Watney is angry that the crew has not been told of his survival, and Sanders authorizes Henderson to inform them.
Henderson and JPL director Bruce Ng formulate a plan to send a space probe to Mars and resupply Watney with enough food to survive until Ares IV's arrival. When the Hab airlock explosively decompresses, destroying Watney's crop, Sanders orders the team to accelerate the supply mission by skipping safety inspections. The supply probe explodes after liftoff.
The China National Space Administration (CNSA) offers NASA the Taiyang Shen, a classified booster that can carry a payload to Mars. Meanwhile, JPL astrodynamicist Rich Purnell determines a trajectory to send Hermes back to Mars more quickly, using the Chinese booster to instead resupply it for an additional eighteen months. Sanders rejects the plan, refusing to risk the crew, but Henderson surreptitiously sends the details to Hermes. Lewis and her crew vote unanimously to execute the plan, and NASA—powerless to stop them—proceeds with the resupply as Hermesflies by Earth, using its gravity to slingshot them back to Mars.
After 461 sols, Watney begins the 90-sol journey to Schiaparelli crater, where the Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV) for the Ares IV mission previously landed. To rendezvous with Hermes' fly-by, Watney makes drastic modifications to reduce its mass, removing equipment including the windows, nose cone, and exterior panels. With Watney on board the gutted MAV, the Hermes crew launches it remotely, but not at the planned speed and distance. Hermes uses its maneuvering thrusters to change course and explosive decompression of its own internal atmosphere to adjust its speed. Lewis uses a Manned Maneuvering Unit, propelled by nitrogen gas, to approach Watney's vessel, but cannot reach him. Watney pierces the glove of his pressure suit and uses the escaping air as a miniature thruster to reach Lewis. The crew is reunited as crowds around the world cheer the news.
After returning to Earth, Watney begins a new life as a survival instructor for new astronaut candidates. Five years later, on the occasion of the Ares V mission launch, those involved in Watney's rescue have returned to their lives or begun new lives.

Cast[edit]

Matt Damon
Jessica Chastain
Matt Damon and Jessica Chastain star as Mark Watney and Melissa Lewis, respectively.
  • Matt Damon as Mark Watney, a botanist who is part of the Ares III team, presumed dead after a violent storm on Mars. Watney is then forced to use his ingenuity and wit to survive until he can be rescued.
  • Jessica Chastain as Melissa Lewis, a geologist and the Ares III mission commander.
  • Michael Peña as Major Rick Martinez, the pilot of the Ares III mission. He is the closest of the Ares III team to Watney.
  • Kate Mara as Beth Johanssen, the Ares III's system operator. She has romantic feelings for Beck.
  • Sebastian Stan as Dr. Chris Beck, an astronaut and flight surgeon for the Ares III mission. He has romantic feelings for Johannsen.
  • Aksel Hennie as Dr. Alex Vogel, a German national who is the navigator and chemist of Ares III.
  • Chiwetel Ejiofor as Vincent Kapoor, NASA's Mars mission director, and the first person to establish contact with Watney.
  • Mackenzie Davis as Mindy Park, a satellite planner in Mission Control, the first person to realise that Watney is alive.
  • Sean Bean as Mitch Henderson, the Ares III's mission director. His priority at all times is the welfare and stability of the Ares III crew.
  • Jeff Daniels as Theodore "Teddy" Sanders, the NASA administrator. Sanders is shown to be competent but averse to unnecessary risks.
  • Donald Glover as Rich Purnell, a JPL astrodynamicist who devises the plan to save Watney.
  • Benedict Wong as Bruce Ng, director of JPL, charged with constructing the rockets and payloads for the rescue mission.
  • Kristen Wiig as Annie Montrose, the director of media relations for NASA. She is primarily concerned with the public perception of NASA during the Watney rescue.
  • Eddy Ko as Guo Ming, chief scientist at CNSA.
  • Chen Shu as Zhu Tao, deputy chief scientist at CNSA.
  • Naomi Scott as Ryoko.
  • Nick Mohammed as Tim Grimes.
Chastain prepared for her role by meeting with astronauts and scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. She was inspired by astronaut Tracy Caldwell Dyson, saying "She's very matter of fact, very straightforward. My character is dealing with the guilt of leaving a crew member behind, but she's still responsible for the lives of five other crew mates. I tried to play her as Tracy would have been in those moments."[6]
Damon used a different method of preparation. He explained, "For me the rehearsal process was sitting with Ridley and going kind of line-by-line and moment-by-moment through the script and playing out a plan of attack for what we wanted each scene to accomplish."[7]
The Media Action Network for Asian-Americans criticized the casting of white actor Mackenzie Davis as Mindy Park, who, it claimed, was described by Weir to be Korean-American. The group also criticized the casting of Chiwetel Ejiofor as Vincent Kapoor, who, the MANAA claimed, Weir described as an Asian-Indian character. In the novel, the character's name was Venkat Kapoor, and he identifies religiously as a Hindu. The group called the casting whitewashing and said that Asian actors, being under-represented in Hollywood, were deprived of acting opportunities.[8]Author Andy Weir said in October 2015 he perceived Mindy Park as Korean but said he did not explicitly write her as Korean. He also dismissed criticism of Ejiofor's casting as Kapoor, "He's an American. Americans come from lots of different sources. You can be Venkat Kapoor and black."[9]

Production[edit]

Director Ridley Scottsays he became interested in sci-fi in 1977, after seeing the film Star Wars.[10]

Development[edit]

Ares III mission landing site
(Acidalia Planitia region)
Mark Watney's route on Mars
The Martian was directed by Ridley Scott and based on a screenplay by Drew Goddard that was adapted from Andy Weir's 2011 novel The Martian. The studio 20th Century Fox optioned the novel in March 2013, and producer Simon Kinberg was attached to develop the novel into a film.[11] In the following May, Goddard entered negotiations with the studio to write and direct The Martian.[12] Goddard wrote a screenplay for the film,[13] and Matt Damon expressed interest in starring under Goddard's direction. Goddard then pursued an opportunity to direct Sinister Six, a comic book film about a team of supervillains.[14] Kinberg then brought the book to Ridley Scott's attention.[15] In May 2014, Scott entered negotiations with the studio to direct the film with Damon cast as the film's stranded astronaut.[16] Scott said he was attracted by the emphasis on science and thought a balance could be struck between entertainment and learning. Damon said he was attracted by the novel, the screenplay and the opportunity to work with Scott.[17] Following Scott's commitment, the project picked up the pace and was quickly approved.[18] Goddard has since expressed that he felt Scott made a much better film than he could have directed, telling Creative Screenwriting, "When it’s Ridley Scott, collaboration is easy because I just revere him. Every day I would just look around and think, 'Is that really Ridley Scott sitting there at the table? This is exciting!'"[19]

Filming[edit]

Wadi Rum in Jordan was a practical backdrop for Mars in filmingThe Martian.
Korda Studios (in Hungarian: Korda Filmstúdió) 26 km west of Budapest, Hungary in the wine-making village of Etyekwas chosen for filming interior scenes of The Martian. It was favored for having one of the largest sound stages in the world.[20][21] Filming began in Hungary on November 24, 2014.[22] Ridley Scott chose to film The Martian with 3D cameras.[7] Around 20 sets were constructed for The Martian (where 70 were built for Ridley Scott's Exodus: Gods and Kings and over 100 for American Gangster).[21] Actual potatoes were grown in a sound stage next to the one used for filming. They were planted at different times so that different stages of growth could be shown in film scenes.[23] A team of six people built 15 suits for the film. A practical backdrop for Mars was filmed in Wadi Rum, which is a UNESCO world heritage site located in Jordan.[21][24] Wadi Rum had been used as a location for other films set on Mars, including Mission to Mars (2000), Red Planet (2000), and The Last Days on Mars (2013).[25] Filming lasted approximately 70 days.[21] A special Mars rover model was built for the filming; the movie cast and team presented the rover model to Jordan in return for the hospitality they had received. The rover is now exhibited in Jordan's Royal Automobile Museum.[26][27]
Andy Weir avoided writing Watney as lonely and depressed in his novel. While Watney's humor is preserved in the film, Scott also depicted the character's isolation in the vast, dusty Martian landscape. One observer wrote: "The scenes back on Earth provide a hectic, densely populated counterweight to the Martian aridity, which is magnificently represented by exteriors shot in the vicinity of Wadi Rum in Jordan."[citation needed] Damon said he and Scott were inspired by the 2003 documentary film Touching the Void, which featured trapped mountain climbers.[28] Scott also expected to film Watney as a Robinson Crusoe, a character in full isolation, but learned to film Watney differently since the character would be self-monitoring his behavior under the watch of various mission cameras.[23]
According to Ridley Scott, first cut of the movie was 2 hours and 45 minutes long.[29] Scott also confirmed that an extended cut of the movie will be released on home video.[30]

NASA involvement[edit]

Damon while making hand prints in concrete at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He is accompanied by Jim Erickson (left) and Andrew J. Feustel (right).
When the novel was first published, NASA invited Andy Weir to tour the Johnson Space Center and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. When Ridley Scott began preparing the film, Weir contacted NASA to collaborate on the film.[31] When Scott and producer Mark Huffam had their first production meeting, they called NASA and spoke with its film and television liaison Bert Ulrich.[32] NASA decided to assist the filmmakers with depicting the science and technology in The Martian since it saw potential in promoting space exploration.[31] Key NASA staff members that joined the partnership were James L. Green, the Director of the Planetary Science Division at NASA, and Dave Lavery, the Program Executive for Solar System Exploration.[32] Scott conversed with Green twice before filming started. Over a period of a month, NASA answered hundreds of questions—on a weekly basis—on everything from radioisotope systems to the look of potential "habs"—the residences for future Mars astronauts. The questions were answered by Green or passed on to the right expert, and then came back to Scott's team to make their way into the production.[33][34] The space agency also sent hundreds of files of real images of Mars and images of control centers, down to what the computer screens look like, to the production team.[35] Green arranged a tour of the Johnson Space Center in Houston for production designer Arthur Max, who met with individual specialists, taking hundreds of photos as he went for eight hours.[33][35] The production designers created a futuristic, heavily modernized Mission Control as a studio set; Ars Technica described its depiction as "the space agency that we all dream of" and the opposite of the real Johnson Center's appearance as "a run down college campus".[36]
Newsweek said NASA collaborated more with The Martian than most other films: "Staff from many NASA departments consulted on the film, from script development through principal photography, and are now helping with marketing timed to the theatrical release."[32] As part of the collaboration, the production's NASA liaison included the front page of the script for The Martian in the payload of the spacecraft Orion during its Exploration Flight Test 1 on December 5, 2014.[37]
The Los Angeles Times said NASA and the wider scientific community anticipated the film as a way to publicize a human mission to Mars. The New York Times reports that the film "serves as a nice plug for NASA, which has returned the favor by pushing the movie on its website. (On Monday [September 28, 2015], scientists announced that signs of liquid water could be seen in photographs taken on Mars by a camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter,[38][39] timing that suggests NASA certainly has the whole cross-promotion thing down.)".[40] Jim Erickson, NASA project manager, said the film would show moviegoers "the risks and rewards" of humans traveling to Mars.[41]
In October 2015, NASA presented a new web tool to follow Watney's trek across Mars,[42] and details of NASA's next steps, as well as a health hazards report,[43][44] for a real-world human journey to Mars.[45][46][47]

Music[edit]

Harry Gregson-Williams composed the score for The Martian. It is the fourth collaboration between Gregson-Williams and Scott. Gregson-Williams previously worked on music for Scott's filmsKingdom of Heaven (2005), Prometheus (2012) and Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014), composing the main film score for the first and last films, and doing additional music for the other two.[48]
A running gag in the film is mission commander Melissa Lewis's love for 1970s songs (especially of the disco genre), which are the only music available to Watney on Mars and often appear asdiegetic music. Non-original songs featured in the film include:[49]

Marketing[edit]

Studio 20th Century Fox launched a viral marketing campaign for The Martian.[50] On June 7, 2015, NASA astronaut Michael J. Massimino shared an in-universe video diary depicting Matt Damon's character and the other crew members.[51][52] Ars Technica compared the video diary to similar viral videos marketed for Ridley Scott's 2012 film Prometheus in having a similar "style of slickly produced fictional promotional material". The studio then released an official trailer on June 8.[53] Forbes said, "20th Century Fox has cut together a pretty perfect trailer in that it absolutely makes the sale. It establishes the stakes, offers a sympathetic lead character, shows off an all-star cast, tosses out a potential catchphrase, and ends on a grimly humorous tagline."[54] In response to the trailer, Jimmy Kimmel, host of the late-night talk show Jimmy Kimmel Live!, released a spoof trailer, The Mastronaut: Emission to Mars, that edited the original to parody the film.[55]
As a part of promotional cooperation from NASA, the space agency screened The Martian at theInternational Space Station on September 19, 2015.
At the start of August, Fox released another video, depicting interviews with each of the main crew members.[56] Mid-month, the studio released another film trailer, and NASA hosted a "Martian Day" at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to both promote The Martian and highlight the space program's ongoing efforts to carry out a human mission to Mars.[34] At the end of August, Fox released another video, presenting it as a special episode of the TV showStarTalk in which astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson discusses the hazards of traveling to Mars.[57] In September, Ridley Scott's RSA Films released a teaser for The Martian that depicted Matt Damon wearing Under Armour sports clothing and being active in his off-world tasks.[58] The teaser originated from a collaboration between RSA Films and the marketing shop 3AM (under theatrical advertising agency Wild Card), initiated in 2014, to produce advertising content for The Martian. RSA contacted the advertising agency Droga5, under whom Under Armour is a client.[59] Droga5 ultimately collaborated with WME and 3AM to produce the teaser.[58]
Forbes's Peter Himler said American astronauts had traditionally been used by public relations to promote commercial products, starting with the drinkTang. Himler said it "came as no surprise" that NASA astronauts in the International Space Station were reported by The Guardian and CBS News as having read Weir's novel and hoping to see the film on board the ISS.[60] NASA participated in the marketing of the film despite its lack of involvement with previous films. Though it turned down a request for Interstellar to be screened on the ISS,[35] The Martian was screened on board[61] 402 km (250 miles) above the Earth's surface on September 19, 2015, and also at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, and at the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral on October 1, 2015.[35]

Release[edit]

Matt Damon and his wife Luciana Bozán Barroso at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival
The Martian premiered at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival on September 11, 2015.[2] The film screened in a sneak preview at the New York Film Festival on September 27, 2015.[62] It also screened at Fantastic Fest in AustinTexas, on September 29, 2015.[63][64] The film was released in theDolby Vision format in Dolby Cinema in North America.[65]

Box office forecast[edit]

Two months before The Martian's release, BoxOffice forecast that the film would gross $46 million on its opening weekend in the United States and ultimately $172 million in its theatrical run in the U.S. The magazine said positive factors for its performance included the continued sales of Andy Weir's novel, Ridley Scott's success with past science fiction films, and the positive reception of prior space-based films Gravity (2013) and Interstellar (2014). The magazine said negative factors included Matt Damon not being a consistent draw at the box office, Gravity and Interstellar setting high expectations, and Ridley Scott's "stumble" with his previous film Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014).[66] A week before the film's release, pre-release trackings in North America (United States and Canada) showed that the film was on pace to earn between $40–50 million the its opening weekend from 3,826 theaters.[67]
In comparison to other contemporary space films, Gravity, facing far less competition, opened to a better-than-expected $55.8 million in 2013. In November 2014, Interstellar debuted to $47.5 million.[67] Unlike Gravity and Interstellar, which had the benefit of IMAX locations, boosting profits, The Martian was not initially playing in IMAX, since IMAX was committed to an exclusive run of Robert ZemeckisThe WalkThe Martian is playing in more than 350 premium large-format theaters including 2,550 3D locations.[67][68] Also, the film was released several days after the announcement of NASA's discovery of water on Mars' planetary surface,[38][39] which might have aided in boosting its opening.[69] Ticket selling website Fandango reported that the film was outselling Gravity.[69] Unlike GravityThe Martian does not contain abundant 3D spectacle, and is longer thanGravity, which means fewer showtimes.[70]

Theatrical run[edit]

The Martian became a financial success.[71] It has grossed a total of $228.3 million in North America and $391.8 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $620.1 million.[4] Worldwide, it became the highest-grossing Fox film of 2015 and the tenth highest-grossing film of that year overall.[72]
The film was released in theaters in 2D and 3D.[73] In the United Kingdom, it was released on September 30, 2015, a Wednesday,[74] and in the United States on the following Friday, October 2, 2015.[75] It was also released in 49 markets including the United Kingdom, Mexico, Hong Kong, India and Taiwan from the weekend October 2–4, 2015 and expanded to Germany, Russia, and South Korea the following weekend. It opened in Spain on October 16, then France on October 21. China opened on November 25 and Japan bowed in the first quarter of 2016 on February 5.[76][77] Various sites estimated the film to gross between $45 million and $50 million over its opening weekend in the U.S.A.[78] CinemaScore polled sample audiences, who gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale. Audience demographics were 54% men and 59% over 35.[79]
In the United States and Canada, it opened on Friday, October 2, 2015 and earned $18.06 million on its opening day of which $2 million came from premium large formats from 3,831 theaters.[80][81] The film's Friday gross included a $2.5 million from late-night Thursday screenings that took place in 2,800 theaters.[82] During its opening weekend, it earned $54.3 million from 3,831 theaters ranking first at the box office which is the second biggest October opening, behind Gravity ($55.7 million) and the second biggest for Scott, behind Hannibal ($58 million) and Damon, behind The Bourne Ultimatum ($69.2 million).[4] The film made $6 million at 375 premium large format screens.[83] 3D accounted for 45% of the ticket sales while RealD 3D accounted for 42% or $23 million of that sales which is one of highest for the 3D company in 2015.[83] The film fell short of breaking Gravity's record which might have been hurt by Hurricane Joaquin, the NFL season and the last day of the Major League Baseball regular season.[83] In its second weekend of release, it dropped gradually by 31.9% and earned $37 million from 3,854 theaters (+23 theaters) maintaining the top position. The Martian's demographics in its sophomore weekend remained in sync with its opening frame drawing 52% males and 72% over 25.[84] It topped the box office for two consecutive weekends before being dethroned by Goosebumps in its third weekend after a close race between the two ($23.6 million for Goosebumps and $21.3 million forThe Martian).[85][86] It returned to the top of the box office for the third time in its fourth weekend,[87] and went on the top the box office for four non-consecutive weekends[88] before being overtaken by Spectre in its fifth weekend.[89] On November 5, the film surpassed Gladiator ($187.7 million) to become Scott's highest-grossing film at the domestic box office.[90]
Internationally, The Martian was released in a total of 81 countries.[91] Outside North America, it opened on the same weekend in 54 markets and grossed $44.6 million from 9,299 screens topping the international box office as well as opening at No. 1 in over 15 markets.[76] The following weekend, it added 23 more markets and grossed an estimated $57.5 million from 77 markets from 12,859 screens.[91] Its opening weekends in South Korea ($12.5 million)[nb 1], the United Kingdom, Ireland and Malta ($10.2 million), Russia and the CIS ($7.4 million), France ($6.9 million), Australia ($4.5 million) and Germany ($4.3 million; behind Inside Out) represented its largest takings.[76][91][93] In terms of total earnings, the United Kingdom ($35.3 million), South Korea ($33.6 million), Australia ($16.57 million) and Germany ($16 million) are the top markets.[94][95] In South Korea, it is Fox's third-highest-grossing film ever behind Avatar and Kingsman: The Secret Service.[94] It topped the box office outside of North America for two consecutive weekends before being overtaken by Ant-Man in its third weekend[96] but returned to the top in its fourth weekend.[93] In its fifth weekend, it was surpassed by Spectre thereby topping the international box office for three weekends in total.[94] The Martian opened in China on Wednesday, November 25 and earned $50 million in its five-day opening weekend from 4,848 screens of which $6.6 million came from 249 IMAX theaters.[97] In its second weekend, it fell by 60% to $13.7 million.[98] In total, it grossed $95 million there.[99] It opened in its last major market, i.e. Japan on February 5, 2016 under the name Odyssey,[91][100] where it earned $5.2 million from 8,333 screens in its three day opening weekend, debuting at No. 1 at the box office and helped the film push past the $600 million mark. Its Saturday and Sunday take was $4.25 million.[101][100] It dropped just 19% in its second after adding $3.4 million.[102] It has topped the box office there for three weekends and as of February 21 has grossed a total of $19.3 million.[103]
For its U.S. release, the film was originally scheduled to be released on November 25, 2015, but 20th Century Fox switched The Martian with Victor Frankenstein, so the former would be its first film for all audiences in the country's autumn season (September–November).[104] On the film's 3D screenings, RealD's chief Anthony Marcoly said 3D technology was proliferating from action-packed blockbuster films commonly released in the United States' summer season. Marcoly said the technology was being used in more immersive storytelling, citing late 2015's The Martianand The Walk as two examples.[73]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

The Martian received critical acclaim when it premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival.[105]
The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, which categorizes reviews as positive or negative, surveyed 287 critics and determined that 92% of the reviews were positive with a rating average of 7.9 out of 10, and the consensus "Smart, thrilling, and surprisingly funny, The Martian offers a faithful adaptation of the bestselling book that brings out the best in leading man Matt Damon and director Ridley Scott."[106] The site further stated that critics observed that Scott "examin[ed] more hopeful territory" than in his past films, and "the result is an awe-inspiring adventure that explores vast ideas while staying grounded in very human emotional territory." Critics commended the visual effects, the scientific accuracy, and the film's likability, largely due to Matt Damon's performance.[107] Metacritic also surveyed 46 critics and assessed 40 reviews as positive and six as mixed, assigning an aggregate score of 80 out of 100, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[108]
Variety reported, "Critics are calling the film a funny, thrilling ride, and a return to form for [Ridley] Scott after The Counselor and Exodus: Gods and Kings fell flat."[109]
According to Robert Zubrin, commenting in The Guardian, "[the film] is the first genuine Mars movie. It is the first movie that attempts to be realistic and that is actually about human beings grappling with the problems of exploring Mars, as opposed to various movies set on Mars that are essentially either shoot ’em ups or horror films. It does not engage in fantasy: no monsters, no magic, no Nazis. However, there are a number of technical mistakes."[110]
Writing for the New York PostLou Lumenick considered the film to be Scott's and Damon's best and thought that it is a "straightforward and thrilling survival-and-rescue adventure, without the metaphysical and emotional trappings of Interstellar."[111] Manohla Dargis, of The New York Times, stated that the film, "involves a dual journey into outer and inner space, a trip that takes you into that immensity called the universe and deep into the equally vast landscape of a single consciousness. For this accidental castaway, space is the place where he’s physically marooned, but also where his mind is set free", from a film director, whose "great, persistent theme is what it means to be human".[40] Another positive review came from Steve Pulaski of Influx Magazine, who gave the film a B and stated, "Above all, this is a film destined to please a crowd; in addition, it also keeps its pathos down considerably, doesn't do a whole lot of pandering to a crowd anxious to see action, and never loses sight of its deeply human and remarkable story."[112]

Accolades[edit]

The film has been critically acclaimed and was included in many critics' Top Ten Films of 2015 lists.[113] The film has received many industry awards and nominations including 26 Best Picture, 20 Best Director (for Scott), and 19 Best Actor (for Damon) nominations at different organizations and associations.[114] The American Film Institute selected The Martian as one of the Top Ten Films of the year. The film garnered two Golden Globe Awards for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for Damon. Scott was also nominated for Best Director. It received nine nominations from the Broadcast Film Critics Association, including Best FilmBest DirectorBest ActorBest Adapted Screenplay, and Best Visual Effects. The film has been nominated for seven Academy Awards, including Best PictureBest Actor, and Best Adapted Screenplay
The Martian was named Film of the Year by National Board of Review also winning Best DirectorBest Actor, and Best Adapted Screenplay. Ranked at position eight, it won the Top Ten Films of the year award at African-American Film Critics Association. It received eight nominations from Satellite Awards including Best FilmBest DirectorBest Actor – Motion PictureBest Screenplay – Adapted, and Best Visual Effects.

Top ten lists[edit]

The Martian was named one of the best films of 2015 by numerous critics and publications and was ranked seventh on Rotten Tomatoes and thirteenth on Metacritic's best scored film of 2015.[113][115]

Scientific accuracy[edit]

James L. Green, the Director of the Planetary Science Division at NASA, worked as an adviser for the film.[116]
When Andy Weir wrote the novel The Martian, he strove to present the science correctly and used reader feedback to get it right.[117] When Ridley Scott began directing the film, he also sought to make it realistic and received help from James L. Green, the Director of the Planetary Science Division at NASA. Green put together teams to answer scientific questions that Scott asked.[118] Green said, "The Martian is reasonably realistic", though he said the film's hazardous dust storm, despite reaching speeds of 120 miles per hour (190 km/h) would in reality have weak force.[119] Green also found the NASA buildings in the film to be more stylish than the functional ones NASA actually uses.[120] Film critics picked up the point that the Martian winds could amount to "barely a light breeze" in their reviews,[121][122] and screenwriter Drew Goddard agreed the winds had to be considerably exaggerated in order to set up the situation that sets the story in motion.[123][124][125]
The process used by the character Watney to produce water was accurate and is being used by NASA for a planned Martian rover. The radioisotope thermoelectric generator was also appropriately used for heat.[117] When his rations begin to run low, Watney builds an improvised garden using Martian soil and the crew's feces as a fertilizer. "We could probably grow something on Mars", says Dr. Michael Shara, curator, Department of Astrophysics, Division of Physical Sciences at the American Museum of Natural History.[126] It is also thought possible that microbial organisms could potentially live on Mars. In one scene, the glass face shield on Watney's helmet cracks; as oxygen momentarily drops below the critical level, he quickly patches the helmet with tape and avoids suffocation. According to Shara, "As long as the pressure on the inside is around 30 percent, you could hold it together before your eyes blow out or you had an embolism."[126]
While Martian gravity is less than 40% of Earth's, director Ridley Scott chose not to depict the gravitational difference, finding the effort less worthwhile to put on screen than zero gravity.[31] Scott said the heavy spacesuits would weigh the main character enough to make up for not showing the partial gravity.[41] The climate of Mars is also cold enough that it would make Watney's initial plan to disable the rover's heater immediately impractical. The average temperature is −80 °F (−62 °C); it is cold enough on Mars for carbon dioxide snow to fall at the poles in winter.[126]
Ed Finn, director of the Center for Science and the Imagination at Arizona State University, said, "What this story does really well is imagine a near-future scenario that doesn't push too far of where we are today technically."[41] British physicist Brian Cox said, "The Martian is the best advert for a career in engineering I've ever seen."[127]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. Jump up^ The film opened in Korea during the three-day Hangul Day Holiday and earned almost $12.5 million from 1.81 million admissions over four days. It is Ridley Scott's highest-opening film in Korea, surpassing Robin Hood which grossed $10.2 million from 1.6 million admissions in 2010[92] and Fox's biggest opening weekend of all time in the market and the biggest ever October opening.[91]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ "The Martian (12A)"British Board of Film Classification. September 16, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  2. Jump up to:a b "The Martian"Toronto International Film Festival. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  3. Jump up^ McCarthy, Todd (September 8, 2015). "From 'The Martian' to 'Truth,' Todd McCarthy's 5 Most Tantalizing Titles at TIFF"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 10,2015.
  4. Jump up to:a b c "The Martian (2015)"Box Office Mojo. RetrievedFebruary 21, 2016.
  5. Jump up^ Lee Hyo-won (October 19, 2015). "South Korea Box Office: 'Martian' Dominates for Second Consecutive Week"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  6. Jump up^ Rottenberg, Josh (September 3, 2015). "Heady days for Jessica Chastain as 'The Martian' and 'Crimson Peak' loom"Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  7. Jump up to:a b Haricharan (September 20, 2015). "Scott made The Martian really easy: Matt Damon"Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  8. Jump up^ McNary, Dave (October 8, 2015). "'The Martian' Slammed Over 'White-Washing' Asian-American Roles"Variety. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
  9. Jump up^ Wickman, Kase (October 9, 2015). "One Person Who Doesn't Think 'The Martian' Was Whitewashed? The Author"MTV News. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  10. Jump up^ Pamela McClintock (November 24, 2015). "How 'The Martian's' Ridley Scott Replicated Mars in the Middle East".The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  11. Jump up^ Kroll, Justin (March 12, 2013). "Fox Finds ‘Martian’ For Simon Kinberg"Variety. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  12. Jump up^ Sneider, Jeff (May 15, 2013). "Drew Goddard in Negotiations to Write and Direct 'The Martian' for Fox".TheWrap. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  13. Jump up^ Lidz, Gogo (June 18, 2015). "Matt Damon Spills About 'The Martian'"Newsweek. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  14. Jump up^ Tilly, Chris (June 17, 2015). "Matt Damon Explains Why The Martian is a Love Letter to Science"IGN. RetrievedAugust 26, 2015.
  15. Jump up^ Kroll, Justin (September 24, 2014). "Michael Pena Circles Ridley Scott's 'The Martian' With Matt Damon"Variety. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  16. Jump up^ Kroll, Justin (May 13, 2014). "Ridley Scott in Talks to Direct Fox’s 'The Martian' With Matt Damon"Variety. RetrievedAugust 25, 2015.
  17. Jump up^ White, James (August 2015). "Inside The Martian: Empire Meets NASA"Empire. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  18. Jump up^ Kroll, Justin (September 3, 2014). "Jessica Chastain Joins Matt Damon in Ridley Scott's 'The Martian'"Variety. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  19. Jump up^ McKittrick, Christopher (August 20, 2015). "Life Goes On: Drew Goddard on The Martian". Creative Screenwriting. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
  20. Jump up^ Daniels, Nia (September 18, 2014). "Ridley Scott’s The Martian sets up to film in Hungary". KFTV. RetrievedAugust 26, 2015.
  21. Jump up to:a b c d Weintraub, Steve (June 17, 2015). "Over 30 Things to Know About Ridley Scott's The Martian from our Budapest Set Visit". Collider.com. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  22. Jump up^ Foundas, Scott (November 25, 2014). "'Exodus: Gods and Kings' Director Ridley Scott on Creating His Vision of Moses"Variety. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  23. Jump up to:a b Klimek, Chris (August 28, 2015). "Matt Damon, First Farmer on Mars"Air & Space. Retrieved September 1,2015.
  24. Jump up^ "Wadi Rum: a mesmerising desert guarded by stone giants"The Daily Telegraph. October 1, 2015. RetrievedOctober 8, 2015.
  25. Jump up^ Staff (March 17, 2015). "That's a wrap! Hollywood's 'The Martian' and Palestine's 'Arab Idol' finish scenes in Jordan".The Jordan Times. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  26. Jump up^ "The Royal Automobile Museum patrons the premiere of 'The Martian' film"ameinfo. Mediaquest Corp. October 22, 2015. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  27. Jump up^ "Review: 'The Martian' is a pleasure". CNN. October 5, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  28. Jump up^ Hutchinson, Lee (August 27, 2015). "Ars talks with Matt Damon on being astronaut Mark Watney in The Martian".Ars Technica. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  29. Jump up^ "Will The Martian (2015 movie) have any deleted scenes that would be added to the Blu-ray when it comes out?".quora.com. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  30. Jump up^ Wurm, Gerald (September 23, 2015). "The Martian – Ridley Scott Confirms Extended Cut"Movie-Censorship.com. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  31. Jump up to:a b c Bradley, Ryan (August 19, 2015). "Why NASA Helped Ridley Scott Create 'The Martian' Film"Popular Science. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  32. Jump up to:a b c Lidz, Gogo (September 20, 2015). "NASA and 'The Martian': It Was Written in the Stars"Newsweek. RetrievedOctober 2, 2015.
  33. Jump up to:a b Zeitchik, Steven (September 29, 2015). "For Matt Damon movie 'The Martian,' lots of research -- and a watery coincidence"Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 2,2015.
  34. Jump up to:a b Wall, Mike (August 20, 2015). "'The Martian' Lands at NASA's Mars Mission Control (Photos)"Space.com. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  35. Jump up to:a b c d McClintock, Pamela (September 30, 2015). "How NASA Kept Things Real With 'The Martian'"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  36. Jump up^ Hutchinson, Lee. "The Martian brings science, largely unchanged, from book to screen"Ars Technica. RetrievedOctober 4, 2015.
  37. Jump up^ Vilkomerson, Sara (December 19, 2014). "Ridley Scott sends his 'Martian' script into space"Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  38. Jump up to:a b Webster, Guy; Agle, DC; Brown, Dwayne; Cantillo, Laurie (28 September 2015). "NASA Confirms Evidence That Liquid Water Flows on Today's Mars"NASA. Retrieved28 September 2015.
  39. Jump up to:a b Chang, Kenneth (28 September 2015). "NASA Says Signs of Liquid Water Flowing on Mars"The New York Times. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  40. Jump up to:a b Dargis, Manohla (October 1, 2015). "Review: In ‘The Martian,’ Marooned but Not Alone"The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  41. Jump up to:a b c Dave, Paresh (August 19, 2015). "Why NASA scientists are excited about Matt Damon film 'The Martian'"Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  42. Jump up^ Gipson, Lillian (October 8, 2015). "Follow Mark Watney’s Epic Trek on Mars with New NASA Web Tool"NASA. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  43. Jump up^ Dunn, Marcia (October 29, 2015). "Report: NASA needs better handle on health hazards for Mars"AP News. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
  44. Jump up^ Staff (October 29, 2015). "NASA's Efforts to Manage Health and Human Performance Risks for Space Exploration (IG-16-003)" (PDF)NASA. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  45. Jump up^ Staff (October 8, 2015). "REPORT: NASA’s Pioneering Next Steps in Space Exploration" (PDF)NASA. RetrievedOctober 29, 2015.
  46. Jump up^ Staff (October 28, 2015). "Human Space Exploration: The Next Steps"Center for American Progress. RetrievedOctober 29, 2015.
  47. Jump up^ Staff (October 28, 2015). "NASA: "Human Space Exploration - The Next Steps" - Video (55:48)"Center for American Progress. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  48. Jump up^ Gajewski, Ryan (October 3, 2015). "'The Martian' Composer on Creating Matt Damon's Theme, Ridley Scott's 'Prometheus' Plans"The Hollywood Reporter. RetrievedOctober 4, 2015.
  49. Jump up^ ""Songs From The Martian" and "Original Motion Picture Score" by Harry Gregson-Williams Available Digitally Today"PR Newswire. October 2, 2015. RetrievedOctober 4, 2015.
  50. Jump up^ Lesnick, Simon (August 27, 2015). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Hosts The Martian Viral Video". ComingSoon.net. RetrievedAugust 28, 2015.
  51. Jump up^ Rosen, Christopher (June 7, 2015). "Matt Damon says farewell to Earth in viral promo for 'The Martian'".Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  52. Jump up^ "Ares 3: Farewell"ARES: live YouTube Channel. 20th Century FOX. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  53. Jump up^ Hutchinson, Lee (June 8, 2015). "First trailers for The Martian movie released, with Mark Watney and friends".Ars Technica. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  54. Jump up^ Mendelson, Scott (June 8, 2015). "Trailer Talk: Matt Damon, Jessica Chastain's 'The Martian' Aces Marketing 101"Forbes. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  55. Jump up^ Lee, Ashley (June 12, 2015). "Jimmy Kimmel Airs 'The Martian' Trailer Spoof to Make Fun of Matt Damon"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  56. Jump up^ Baker-Whitelaw, Gavia (August 4, 2015). "New viral video for 'The Martian' shows how the Ares crew deals with isolation"The Daily Dot. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  57. Jump up^ Bradley, Laura (August 28, 2015). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Soothingly Explains the Science Behind The Martian".Slate. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  58. Jump up to:a b Diaz, Ann-Christine (September 9, 2015). "Matt Damon Works Out in Under Armour in Teaser for Ridley Scott's 'The Martian'"Creativity. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  59. Jump up^ Beer, Jeff (September 9, 2015). "Why The New Teaser For 'The Martian' Is Also An Under Armour Ad"Fast Company. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  60. Jump up^ Himler, Peter (September 9, 2015). "'The Martian' Lifts Off: Marketing The Film With Space"Forbes. RetrievedOctober 2, 2015.
  61. Jump up^ "Damon, Scott Book a Return to Space in 'The Martian'".The New York Times. Associated Press. September 29, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  62. Jump up^ Coggan, Devan (September 22, 2015). "The Martianscreening added to the New York Film Festival".Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  63. Jump up^ Collis, Clark (August 26, 2015). "Ridley Scott's The Martianto screen at Fantastic Fest"Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  64. Jump up^ "The Martian"Fantastic Fest. Retrieved September 23,2015.
  65. Jump up^ Carolyn Giardina (November 16, 2015). "'Star Wars' Dolby Cinema Release Could Push Forward the New Format".The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  66. Jump up^ Staff (August 7, 2015). "Long Range Forecast: 'The Martian'"BoxOffice. Archived from the original on September 11, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  67. Jump up to:a b c McClintock, Pamela (September 29, 2015). "Box-Office Preview: 'Martian' Set to Rocket to No. 1; 'The Walk' Opens in Imax"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 30,2015.
  68. Jump up^ Lang, Brent (September 30, 2015). "‘The Martian’ Outselling ‘Gravity’ in Weekend Pre-Sales"Variety. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  69. Jump up to:a b D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 29, 2015). "‘The Martian’ Looks Forward To A Great Landing; ‘The Walk’ Begins To Run & ‘Sicario’ Ups Forces – Box Office Preview"Deadline.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  70. Jump up^ Brevet, Brad (October 1, 2015). "Forecast: Can 'The Martian' Top 'Gravity's October Record?"Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  71. Jump up^ Brent Lang (February 8, 2016). "21st Century Fox Earnings: Cable Gains Can’t Lift Weaker Film Results"Variety. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
  72. Jump up^ "2015 WORLDWIDE GROSSES"Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  73. Jump up to:a b Lang, Brent (July 12, 2015). "Movies Like 'The Martian,' 'The Walk' Will Be Important for 3D, Says RealD Chief".Variety. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  74. Jump up^ De Semlyen, Phil (August 25, 2015). "Exclusive New Look At Ridley Scott's The Martian"Empire. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  75. Jump up^ McClintock, Pamela; Ford, Rebecca (October 2, 2015)."Box Office: 'The Martian' Rocketing to Powerful $48M-$50M Debut"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 2,2015.
  76. Jump up to:a b c Busch, Anita (October 5, 2015). "‘The Martian’ Opens To $44.6M, To Pass $100M Worldwide Today – Int’l Box Final"Deadline.com. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
  77. Jump up^ McNarry, Dave (October 22, 2015). "Matt Damon’s ‘The Martian’ Set for China Release on Nov. 25"Variety. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  78. Jump up^ Brevet, Bred (October 1, 2015). "Forecast: Can 'The Martian' Top 'Gravity's October Record?"Box Office Mojo.Amazon.com. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  79. Jump up^ "‘The Martian’ Defies ‘Gravity’ On Friday; ‘Everest’ & ‘The Walk’ Largely Earthbound". deadline.com.
  80. Jump up^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (October 3, 2015). "‘The Martian’ Defies ‘Gravity’ On Friday; ‘Everest’ & ‘The Walk’ In Large Format Quandary – Saturday AM Box Office Update".Deadline.com. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  81. Jump up^ "Friday Box Office: 'The Martian' Soars To $18M While 'The Walk' Stumbles In IMAX Debut"Forbes. October 3, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  82. Jump up^ McNarry, Dave (October 2, 2015). "Box Office: ‘The Martian’ Lands With $2.5 Million on Thursday"Variety. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  83. Jump up to:a b c D'Alessandro, Anthony (October 5, 2015). "‘Martian’ 2nd-Best Opening For October, Damon & Scott Despite Losing Fuel Sunday; Verdi Trips ‘Walk’ – B.O. Postmortem".Deadline.com. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
  84. Jump up^ Tartaglione, Nancy (October 11, 2015). "20th Century Fox ‘Martian’ Has More Fuel Than Expected; ‘Pan’ Walks Plank; ‘Steve Jobs’ Popular In NY & LA – Sunday Postmortem".Deadline.com. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  85. Jump up^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (October 18, 2015). "‘Goosebumps’ Raises Hair With $23.5M, ‘Bridge Of Spies’ Eyes $15.4M; ‘Crimson Peak’ Ekes Out $12.8M – Sunday Postmortem".Deadline.com. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  86. Jump up^ Brevet, Brad (October 18, 2015). "'Goosebumps' On Top, 'Peak' Flops and A24's 'Room' Strong in Limited Showing".Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  87. Jump up^ Brevet, Brad (October 25, 2015). "'Jem', 'Kasbah' & 'Witch Hunter' Flop Putting 'The Martian' Back On Top"Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  88. Jump up^ Anthony D'Alessandro (November 1, 2015). "Adult Titles ‘Our Brand Is Crisis,’ ‘Burnt’ Fall Like Dominoes As ‘The Martian’ Dominates Halloween Frame – Sunday Box Office"Deadline.com. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
  89. Jump up^ "November 6-8, 2015 Weekend"Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  90. Jump up^ "‘Spectre’ Kicks Off Previews On Way To $75M-$80M Opening; ‘The Martian’ Ridley Scott’s Highest Grossing Title"deadline.com.
  91. Jump up to:a b c d e Tartaglione, Nancy (October 12, 2015). "‘The Martian’ Crosses $118.5M Offshore; ‘Pan’ Serves Up Est. $20.4M – Intl B.O. Final"Deadline.com. RetrievedOctober 13, 2015.
  92. Jump up^ Kil, Sonia (October 12, 2015). "Korea Box Office: 'The Martian' Lands On Top At Holiday Weekend"Variety. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  93. Jump up to:a b Tartaglione, Nancy (October 26, 2015). "‘The Martian’ Orbits $400M Global; ‘Straight Outta Compton’ Nears $200M; ‘Ghost Dimension’ Solid – Intl B.O. Update"Deadline.com. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
  94. Jump up to:a b c Nancy Tartaglione (November 2, 2015). "Sony’s Sizzling ‘Spectre’, ‘Hotel Transylvania 2’ Top Charts In Strong Frame – Intl Box Office Update"Deadline.com. RetrievedNovember 4, 2015.
  95. Jump up^ Nancy Tartaglione (15 November 2015). "‘Spectre’ Adds $152.6M In Overseas Hat Trick – International Box Office Update"Deadline.com. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  96. Jump up^ Tartaglione, Nancy (October 20, 2015). "‘Ant-Man’ Supersizes With $42.4M China Bow; ‘Crimson Peak’ Climbs To $13.6M – International Box Office Actuals".Deadline.com. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  97. Jump up^ Nancy Tartaglione (November 29, 2015). "‘Mockingjay’ Rules Roost; ‘Good Dinosaur’ Hatches With $29M; ‘The Martian’ Lands $50M In China – Intl Box Office".Deadline.com. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  98. Jump up^ Jonathan Papish (December 7, 2015). "‘Martian,’ ‘Point Break’ Deliver 1-2 Import Punch to Four New Chinese Films"China Film Insider. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  99. Jump up^ "The Martian – International Total"Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  100. Jump up to:a b Gavin J. Blair (February 9, 2016). "Japan Box Office: 'The Martian' Powers to $5.2M Opening"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  101. Jump up^ Nancy Tartaglione (February 7, 2016). "‘Revenant’, ‘Martian’ Land New Global Milestones; ‘Kung Fu Panda 3’ Tops $100M In China – Intl Box Office"Deadline.com. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  102. Jump up^ Anita Busch (February 16, 2016). "‘Deadpool,’ ‘Zoolander 2,’ ‘How To Be Single’ All Jump Higher – Int’l Box Office Final"Deadline.com. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
  103. Jump up^ Nancy Tartaglione (February 21, 2016). "‘Deadpool’ Scores $85.3M In 2nd Offshore Frame; Nears $500M Global – Intl Box Office"Deadline.com. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  104. Jump up^ McClintock, Pamela (June 10, 2015). "Fox Moves Ridley Scott's 'The Martian' to October"The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  105. Jump up^ Driscoll, Molly (September 14, 2015). "Toronto Film Festival: 'The Martian,' 'Room' get critics talking"The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  106. Jump up^ "The Martian"Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 29,2015.
  107. Jump up^ Ryan, Tim (October 1, 2015). "The Martian is Certified Fresh"Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  108. Jump up^ "The Martian Reviews"Metacritic. RetrievedNovember 4, 2015.
  109. Jump up^ Lang, Brent (September 29, 2015). "Box Office: 'The Martian' to Blast Off With $45 Million"Variety. RetrievedSeptember 30, 2015.
  110. Jump up^ Zubrin, Dr. Robert (October 6, 2015). "How scientifically accurate is The Martian?"The Guardian. RetrievedOctober 7, 2015.
  111. Jump up^ Lumenick, Lou (September 11, 2015). "Matt Damon's 'The Martian' is an unpretentious popcorn classic"New York Post. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
  112. Jump up^ Pulaski, Steve. "The Martian (Review)"Influx Magazine. Influx Magazine.
  113. Jump up to:a b "Best of 2015: Film Critic Top Ten Lists"Metacritic. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  114. Jump up^ "Best of 2015: Film Awards & Nominations Scorecard".Metacritic. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  115. Jump up^ "Top 100 Movies of 2015"Rotten Tomatoes. RetrievedDecember 16, 2015.
  116. Jump up^ Ordoña, Michael (August 27, 2015). "Will Matt Damon be our new favorite Martian?"San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  117. Jump up to:a b Cohn, Paulette (August 28, 2015). "The science behind 'The Martian' movie gets a NASA 'thumbs up'"Fox News Channel. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  118. Jump up^ French, Francis; Pearlman, Robert (September 6, 2015)."NASA and 'The Martian' partner to make space 'cool' – and accurate"The Christian Science Monitor. RetrievedOctober 2, 2015.
  119. Jump up^ Dorminey, Bruce (August 31, 2015). "Rethinking 'The Martian': Why Dust Storms Wouldn't Sabotage A Real Mars Mission"Forbes. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  120. Jump up^ Schwartz, John (September 9, 2015). "‘The Martian’ Brings a Nerd Thriller Into the Mainstream"The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  121. Jump up^ Grierson, Jamie (September 20, 2015). "Space experts challenge accuracy of The Martian"The Guardian. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  122. Jump up^ Sheridan, Kerry (September 25, 2015). "Space experts swoon for 'The Martian' despite inaccuracies". Discovery. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  123. Jump up^ Fullerton, Huw (October 1, 2015). "The Martian screenwriter admits his film has one major scientific inaccuracy"Radio Times. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  124. Jump up^ Kluger, Jeffrey (September 30, 2015). "What The Martian gets right (and wrong) about science"Time. RetrievedOctober 3, 2015.
  125. Jump up^ O'Callaghan, Jonathan (September 30, 2015). "How accurate is The Martian?". I Fucking Love Science. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  126. Jump up to:a b c Tucker, Reed (September 26, 2015). "What ‘The Martian’ gets right — and wrong — about life on Mars".New York Post. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  127. Jump up^ Cox, Brian (September 29, 2015). "The Martian is the best advert for a career in engineering I've ever seen.".Facebook. Retrieved September 29, 2015.

External links[edit]

No comments:

Post a Comment